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    • US Worker Productivity In Serious Decline -- The Reasons Why

      The Labor Department reported earlier this month that US worker productivity, which measures hourly worker output, declined for the third consecutive quarter at the end of June, the worst showing since the late 1970s. The productivity rate also declined for the 12 months ended June. This news came as a surprise to most forecasters who were sure that the productivity rate would have snapped back strongly in the 2Q.

      There is near-universal agreement among economists that worker productivity is the most important determinant in whether our incomes and living standards rise or fall over the years. If productivity continues to fall, the economy will be hamstrung, incomes will stagnate and our living standards will deteriorate in the years ahead.

      Interestingly, there is not near-universal agreement on what is causing the current extended period of falling productivity, nor what should be done to reverse this critical trend. Today I will devote this space to explaining why productivity is moving in the wrong direction and what should, and should not, be done about it.

      Given the enormous impact productivity has on our economy, our incomes and our living standards, I would hope that more Americans understand this issue better before they head to the polls in what will be the most critical presidential election in many years. Therefore, feel free to forward today’s E-Letter to as many people as you see fit.

    • Why Household Income Is Down Five Years Straight

      Between 1999 and 2012, the average US household lost over 9% in income. According to the Census Bureau, the median household income was $51,017 in 2012, compared to $55,080 at the peak in 1999. In short, most Americans are working harder but earning less. Today, we’ll look at the data and discuss why this trend continues even though the economy is in a slow recovery.

      In a similar pattern, growth in US worker productivity is also in decline. Productivity grew only 1.5% in 2012 versus 3.3% in 2010. So far this year, productivity is up only 1.9%. While that’s a modest improvement over last year, it’s still quite low. We’ll take a closer look at this problem as we go along today.

      The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently reported that there are over 27 million Americans who are “under-employed.” These Americans include those who are officially considered unemployed, plus involuntary part-time workers and “marginally-attached” workers – those who have not looked for work within the last four weeks. That is a new record high. And you’ll also be saddened to learn that almost half of college graduates work in jobs that do not require a college degree.

      But before we delve into the topics above, I want to alert you to two key economic reports that will be out this week. The second revision of 3Q GDP will be out on Thursday morning, and the November unemployment rate will be announced on Friday. I’ll tell you what to look for below.

    • The Truth About Friday’s Unemployment Report

      Last Friday’s unemployment report for September was not only surprising but also controversial. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that 114,000 new jobs were created in September – no big surprise there. But to everyone’s surprise, the BLS reported that the unemployment rate plunged to 7.8% in one month. That was a shocker, especially given that we’re less than a month from the election!

      Even more shocking, the BLS reported that, according to its household survey, total employment rose by 873,000 in September, much of which was due to an increase in part-time work. That was the largest one-month increase in 29 years! So on the one hand, the BLS said 114,000 new jobs were created in September; and on the other hand said that total employment increased by a whopping 873,000.

      What gives? At the very least, this smells fishy, especially coming only one month before the election! Did the BLS fudge the data to give Obama a boost? Most say no. However, no one is pointing fingers at the Census Bureau that provides key data on household unemployment to the BLS. Maybe they should. I'll explain it all as we go along today.

      Finally, I have a few thoughts on the Obama/Romney debate last week that I think you'll find interesting.